Psidium indicum Bojer. La planta de guayaba pertenece a la familia de las Myrtaceae, son una agrupación de árboles que crecen en el hemisferio sur, comúnmente son cítricos y con un follaje siempre verde. Contienen más de 130 géneros, entre ellos las psidium, donde se encuentra: la psidium guajava (guayaba común), la psidium cattleianum (árbol de guayaba fresa) y otras especies como el árbol de guayaba rosa. Common Name: Strawberry Guava. pp. , P. cattleyanum has modest economic impacts in Hawaii due to its edible fruits and beads that are made by tying individual fruits together. Bark Photograph by: Starr, F. & K. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. When using any herbicide always read the label first and follow all instructions and safety requirements. pp. (1999). Psidium cattleyanum (World Plants : Psidium cattleianum), commonly known as Cattley guava, strawberry guava or cherry guava, is a small tree (2–6 m tall) in the Myrtaceae (myrtle) family. Not listed as a noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Most of the proposed insects infect the tree with bud or leaf galls, effectively preventing fruit growth or photosynthesis. Usambara Invasive Plants - Amani Nature Reserve - www.tropical-biology.org/research/dip/species.htm. , P. cattleyanum grows effectively in undisturbed areas, complicating restoration efforts in sensitive habitats. A population study and distribution of strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum) in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. Its bark is grey to reddish-brown and peels readily. , P. cattleyanum acts as an invasive by creating dense thickets that crowd out sunlight, limiting the potential for other plant species to coexist. Psidium cattleianum de 10 años de edad y 1´5 metros de altura cargado de frutos a principios de octubre. The red-fruited variety, P. cattleyanum var. Biocontrol of Strawberry Guava by its Natural Control Agent for Preservation of Native Forests in the Hawaiian Islands. "Strawberry Guava Biocontrol: Restoring natural balance to Hawaii's forests and watersheds with the help of a bug", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psidium_cattleyanum&oldid=989501154, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 10:06.  The wood of the tree is hard, compact, durable, and resistant, and is used for lathe work, tool handles, charcoal, and firewood. It is considered to be the worst invasive plant species in several islands in the Indian Ocean. GUAYABO AMARILLO NOMBRE CIENTIFICO: Psidium cattleianum var. Impact of alien plants on Hawaii's native biota. 1983. The editors are not aware of records of the presence of P. cattleianum in Kenya and Uganda, though this does not necessarily mean that it is absent from these countries. Nutritional and nutraceutical comparison of Jamaican Psidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) and Psidium guajava (common guava) fruits. Sus hoja son elípticas, y sus flores blancas. Se le conoce como guayabo peruano, arazá rojo, guayabita del Petú o güisaro, es natural de América del Sur, especialmente de Perú. Psidium littorale Raddi. Guajava cattleyana (Sabine) Kuntze Guajava obovata (Mart. Guayaba fresa (Psidium cattleianum): fotos e información (identificada) (Leer más...) bueno , tengo un frutal precioso , tiene unos pequeños frutos, son raros, el arbol es precioso y tiene hojas todo el año, las hojas son parecidas ala camelia, siempre cargaditos de frutos , en estos momentos el arbol tiene mucha flor ...si tengo suerte y alguien me dice su nombre y asta pronto State of Hawaii. GISD (2010). It is also naturalised on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Christmas Island (Navie 2004; Queensland Herbarium 2008). Its ubiquity in damaged ecosystems further muddles management due to its high dispersal from these less-sensitive habitats to more fragile habitats. Tropical Biology Association (2010). Seu tronco é tortuoso e apresenta casca lisa, escamosa, na cor cinza a marrom avermelhada, com ramos pubescentes quando jovens. Psidium cattleianum is a small erect evergreen bush or tree growing to 7.5 m, although often much smaller. , P. cattleyanum reproduces through setting seed and through cloning. cattleyanum, is commonly known as purple guava, red cattley guava, red strawberry guava and red cherry guava. The yellow variety bears even more heavily than the red and generally has larger fruit. Plantas hospederas: Polifago, guayaba (Psidium guajava), arazá (Psidium cattleianum), camelia (Camellia japonica), caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki), níspero del japón (Eriobotrya japonica), pomarrosa (Eugenia jambos) etc. If prevention is no longer possible, it is best to treat the weed infestations when they are small to prevent them from establishing (early detection and rapid response). Its leaves may be brewed for tea.  However, results from such efforts are often unsuccessful due to the lack of dependence upon the animals for dispersal, as germination occurs under a wide variety of conditions. In tropical climates, P. cattleianum is most often found growing at higher elevations, where the mean temperature is relatively cool. (2012). Studies Unit, University of Hawaii Press. Sem, G. S. 1984. Cattley guava, cherry guava, Chinese guava, pineapple guava, porpay, purple guava, purple strawberry guava, red cherry guava, red guava, red strawberry guava, small guava, strawberry guava This fruit has thin skin that ranges from yellow to a dark red or purple, is ovular in shape, and grows to around 4 cm in length. The seeds are small and white in colour. Psidium cattleianum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). Some varieties have a yellow skin. Psidium cattleianum may be confused with Psidium guajava (guava) and Psidium guineense (Brazilian guava). 584. Special ecological areas: an approach to alien plant control in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Araçá-rosa (Psidium cattleianum) — nomes populares: araçá-rosa, araçá-amarelo, araçá-vermelho, araçá-de-comer, araçá-comum, araçá-de-coroa, araçá-da-praia, araçá-do-campo, araçazeiro, araçaeiro ou, simplesmente, araçá. Research into biological control agents for P. cattleianum is being carried out in Hawaii. The skin is often removed for a sweeter flavour. Psidium cattleyanum (World Plants : Psidium cattleianum), commonly known as Cattley guava, strawberry guava or cherry guava, is a small tree (2–6 m tall) in the Myrtaceae (myrtle) family. The best form of invasive species management is prevention.  But, it is invasive due to its robust tolerance to many different environments. cattleyanum, is commonly known as purple guava, red cattley guava, red strawberry guava and red cherry guava. 33. This renders the fruits inedible soon after they are picked. Agricultural areas, coastland, natural forests, planted forests, range/grasslands, riparian zones (banks of watercourses), ruderal/disturbed, scrub/shrublands, urban areas, wetlands (Henderson 2001). PPR, ARC South Africa. "Strawberry Guava - Psidium cattleianum - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life". leaves, flowers and young fruit (Photo: Rosa Say, CC BY-NC-ND), immature fruit (Photo: John Mauremootoo, CC-BY-NC), mature fruit (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr, CC-BY), infestation, Mauritius (Photo: John Mauremootoo, CC-BY-NC), Psidium cattleianum var. littorale … This fact sheet is adapted from The Environmental Weeds of Australia by Sheldon Navie and Steve Adkins, Centre for Biological Information Technology, University of Queensland. O araçazeiro, cujo fruto é o araçá, é uma árvore ou arvoreta, de copa esparsa, muitas vezes com porte arbustivo, alcançando de 1 a 9 metros de altura.  Once such species, the sawfly (Haplostegus epimelas), attacked commercially produced guava plants in addition to invasive P. The leaves are dark green, opposite, elliptic to oblong and up to 8 cm long. Como ocurre en muchos frutales tropicales y subtropicales las hojas del Psidium cattleianum, para protegerse del frio y de las peligrosas heladas del invierno mediterráneo, sintetizan antocianos y se tiñen de rojo-morado al bajar la temperatura en otoño. Locations within which Psidium cattleianum is naturalised include Australia, tropicaland southern Africa, New Zealand, south-eastern USA and many oceanic islands with warm climates. www.issg.org/database. " The red-fruited variety, P. cattleyanum var. (2010). Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. The Psidium cattleianum is now a weed in many parts of the tropics where it has quickly adapted to a variety of climates (Henderson 2001). Psidium cattleianum is invasive in parts of Tanzania (Tropical Biology Association 2010). The plant is indispensable for mixed planting in reforestation of reclaimed and protected areas in Brazil. It was introduced to many of the areas it now invades due to human usage as a crop for its edible fruit. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. The species is named in honour of English horticulturist William Cattley. ex DC. It bears fruit when the plants are between 3 and 6 years old. Host specificity of Tectococcus ovatus (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), a potential biological control agent of the invasive strawberry guava, Psidium cattleyanum (Myrtales: Myrtaceae), in Florida. Psidium cattleianum (tree, shrub).  For example, Diasineura gigantea caused bud galls that inhibited shoot growth. However, these uses cannot compensate for this plant's overall negative impacts. Lowe S., Browne M., Boudjelas S., De Poorter M. (2000).  The Brazilian Scale is a potential biological control agent used in Florida, and Hawaii. Natl. Eugenia pseudovenosa H.Perrier Eugenia urceolata Cordem. Arbusto de Psidium cattleianum Figura 27. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. cattleyanum. P. cattleianum is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical countries after introduction as an ornamental or a fruit tree.  This management strategy, known as the “special ecological areas,” is one of the strongest ways of controlling plant species over time. Univ. Agnes Lusweti, National Museums of Kenya; Emily Wabuyele, National Museums of Kenya, Paul Ssegawa, Makerere University; John Mauremootoo, BioNET-INTERNATIONAL Secretariat - UK. K. McCook-Russella, M. Nairb, P. Faceya, C. Bowen-Forbesa. Additionally, feral pigs may ingest the fruits, whose seeds reach the soil in the scat of the feral pigs. Psidium cattleianum. , Another management technique is the introduction of insects that act as parasites on the invasive plants. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil.  Its ability to thrive in a variety of different habitats under many different ecological conditions threatens native flora of many different habitat types. OTROS NOMBRES: Arazá amarillo. Henderson, L. (2001). BioNET-EAFRINET Regional Coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org, Introduced, naturalised or invasive in East Africa, www.tropical-biology.org/research/dip/species.htm. The whitish flesh is very juicy and has a strawberry flavour which in some varieties can have a spicy taste. , P. cattleyanum is often associated with invasive feral pigs The two species are often found near each other, most likely because feral pigs aid in the spread of P. cattleyanum. Growth inhibition from guava root exudates. Hawaii Coop. littorale (O. Berg) Fosb., Psidium littoraleRaddi, Strawberry guava, cattley guava, cherry guava, Chinese guava. ex DC.) , A variety of management strategies have been applied to P. cattleyanum management efforts due to its ubiquity and the various ways it spreads. Native to South America (eastern Brazil and north-eastern Uruguay).  Additionally, P. cattleyanum is both very shade-tolerant and able to withstand soils with a moderate to high pH level. littorale is variously known as yellow cattley guava, yellow strawberry guava, yellow cherry guava, lemon guava and in Hawaii as waiawī. It has invaded humid areas such as rainforests on tropical islands especially in the Pacific and Indian Oceans where it displaces native species and threatens their survival. Psidium cattleianum can form dense thickets that exclude native vegetation and reduce native species regeneration. (2016). Huenneke, L. (1990). Psidium variabile O.Berg.  The yellow-fruited variety, P. cattleyanum var. It is now highly prevalent in tropical rain forest ecosystems due mainly to accidental transportation and its invasive plant properties. Ocorre naturalmente da Bahia ao Rio Grande do Sul, na Mata Altlântica.  Despite the great threat that P. cattleyanum poses to many tropical ecosystems, some studies indicate that isolated groups can be totally eradicated after three to four years of proper management applications, such as cutting and burning mature individuals and applying herbicide to stumps.  Its invasive quality may be explained by a high amount of genetic variation, as variants of different fruit colors cluster at different elevations. El Guayabo Amarillo un árbol muy aromático, que ya era cultivado por los nativos antes de la llegada de los españoles. The wood is useful for poles. Clonally produced suckers tend to have a greater leaf area. , Psidium cattleyanum is a small, highly-branched tree that reaches a maximum height of 13 meters, although most individuals are between 2 and 4m. Huenneke, L.F. and P. M. Vitousek. Bark Photograph by: Starr, F. & K. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Brown, R. L., C. S. Tang, and R. K. Nishimoto. We recognise the support from the National Museums of Kenya, Tropical Pesticides Research Institute (TPRI) - Tanzania and Makerere University, Uganda. Consistent follow-up work is required for sustainable management. Controlling the weed before it seeds will reduce future problems. 180-250. in C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott (eds.). The pigs disturb habitats by digging in the soil, making it easier for P. cattleyanum seeds to reach the soil. It can also reshoot from stumps and produce suckers from near the base of the trunk. US Forest Service. 2007. Some components of an integrated management approach are introduced below.  It is also capable of withstanding heavy leaf litter and responding to bending or breaking of its branches by generating vigorous shoots. Cultivo transitorio de arveja (Pisum sativum) intercalado con guayaba peruana y pino romerón banco de germoplasma ex situ: es una co- lección genética de poblaciones naturales de una especie forestal que se establece en un área geográfica que puede corresponder a la zona de distribución natural de la especie o a una que presente … 12, 300pp. Eugenia ferruginea Sieber Eugenia ferruginea Sieber ex C.Presl Eugenia oxygona Koidz. Não confunda com o araçá-boi (Eugenia stipitata), também conhecido como araçá-do-sertão ou araçá-mark. cattleyanum. Global Invasive Species Database online data sheet. , The whole fruit can be eaten as both the thin skin and juicy interior are soft and tasty. Master's thesis. Its genus name Psidium comes from the Latin psidion, or "armlet.  However, products made from P. cattleyanum are not commercially available because of a lack of market and the heavy presence of fruit flies. Strawberry Guava (Psidium cattleianum) – Prospects for Biological Control. Psidium obovatum Mart. Seedling and clonal recruitment of the invasive tree Psidium cattleianum: implications for management of native Hawaiian forests. Control is generally best applied to the least infested areas before dense infestations are tackled. Wessels, Frank J., James P. Cuda, M. Tracy Johnson and José Henrique Pedrosa-Macedo. "Strawberry Guava - Psidium cattleianum - Details - Encyclopedia of Life", "Biological Control of Strawberry Guava in Hawaii", "PCA Alien Plant Working Group - Strawberry Guava (Psidium cattleianum)".  It was introduced in Hawaii as early as 1825 to create an agricultural market for its fruits, but it has yet to be a commercially viable product.